Postnatal growth in preterm infants and later health outcomes: A systematic review


In preterm infants, poor postnatal growth is associated with adverse neurocognitive outcomes; conversely, rapid postnatal growth is supposedly harmful for future development of metabolic diseases. Conclusion: In this systematic review, observational studies reported consistent positive associations between postnatal weight or head growth and neurocognitive outcomes; however, there was limited evidence from the few intervention studies. Evidence linking postnatal weight gain to later adiposity and other cardiovascular disease risk factors in preterm infants was also limited.

Acta Pediatrica
Stef van Buuren
Stef van Buuren

My research interests include data science, missing data, child growth and development, and measurement.